Analysis Subject, Verb, Complement, and Modifier based on Personal Opinion about projects created and developed by GOOGLE ATAP



1.1 Background
English is an international language, used throughout the world to communicate with each other between countries and others. Communication to get to know each other, to learn or to sell / business. At least this time should be able to speak English though a little but if it is fluent in English it is much better, because English is very important for education, business and technology.
Technology is currently growing, especially the development of technology to facilitate in performing daily activities. Many people who want the ease of doing the activities without having to carry or grasp objects that are large or heavy. For that much is doing research and development of technology with various media and impressive ideas, such as making small chips that can be mounted on a watch or coffee machine.
As currently developed by google, Advanced Technology and Projects (ATAP) division. Some projects that have google ATAP work and develop from several years ago, like project tango and project ara. Until now the project is still being developed by google, like the project ara that offers modular smartphones, adjust the existing situation by plug and play a small module. Then another great project is the project jacquard and project soli. Project jacquard that uses textiles as a medium and can call just by moving hands on textiles. Project soli that only uses a small chip as a sensor and without having to touch anything can control the laptop or phone, set the music and raise the volume, set alarm and more. 
Based on some articles about Google ATAP, I think that the technology developed by the Advanced Technology and Projects division is growing every year and producing an impressive project. Google ATAP is not half-hearted in demonstrating the projects they have. The resulting project makes it easy for everyday activities, especially the Jacquard project that uses textiles as its medium and in collaboration with Levi's. But I think google should consider the use of the project in each area of ​​different climates, besides the factors of developed countries and developing countries could be a consideration because the results of the project may not be rewarded with low prices. Lastly, maybe google should mass produce its products so that the whole world can try and feel.

II. Literature Review
2.1    Subject
Subject complement is a noun , pronoun , adjective , or another construction (acting as a noun or adjective ) following verbs of being or linking verb and serves to explain or refer to the subject of the sentence .
Subject complement is divided into three , namely : predicate adjective ( subjects connected with the adjective ) , predicate noun ( subject associated with the noun ) , and predicate pronoun ( subject connected with the pronoun ) .
For example:
* He is a really nice guy.
* “He” is the subject of the sentence, controlling the verb and the complement.
* My dog attacked the burglar.
* “My dog” is the subject, controlling the verb and the rest of the sentence.
* David plays the piano
* The subject “David” performs the action of “playing the piano”.
* The police interviewed all the witnesses.
* The subject the police performs the action of interviewing all the witnesses.
To determine the subject of a sentence, first isolate the verb and then make a question by placing “who?” or “what?” before it. Having identified the Subject, we can see that the remainder of the sentence tells us what the Subject does or did. We refer to this string as the “predicate” of the sentence.
For example:
·         Who plays the piano?
=> “David” ( = Subject)        
=> “plays the piano” ( = predicate) tells us what David does.
·         Who interviewed all the witnesses?
=> “The police” (= Subject)
=> “interviewed all the witnesses” ( = predicate) tell us what the police did.
      Subjects can either be “simple”, “compound” or “complex”
  • Simple Subject
Composed of a single pronoun, noun or noun phrase.
  • Complex Subject
A complex subject consists of a noun phrase and any words, phrases, or clauses that modify it.
For example:
* The man who had followed us inside walked over to the telephone.
=> central noun: man
=> complex subject: the man who had followed us inside
* The superior performance of La Traviata pleased the wealthy audience.
=> central noun: performance
=> complex subject: the superior performance of La Traviata
  • Compound Subject
A compound subject consists of two or more noun phrases (and their modifiers if any) joined together with a coordinating conjunction.
For example:
* The man and the woman walked over to the telephone.
=> The compound subject here is the whole phrase, “the man and the woman.”
* Neither the superior performance of La Traviata nor the excellent wine at intermission pleased the wealthy audience.
=> Again, the whole phrase, “neither the superior performance of La Traviata nor the excellent wine at intermission,” is the subject. The phrase answers the question, “What pleased the wealthy audience?”
2.2 Verb
verb ( verb ) is a function word to indicate the action of the subject , showing events or circumstances . Verb is one of the eight parts of speech . English verbs are not always simple shape ( one word ) , but may be the result of a combination of phrases into phrasal verbs with particle ( get in , make-up , read over ) .
For example:
·         Paul rides a bicycle.
·         Here, the verb rides certainly denotes an action which Paul performs – the action of riding a bicycle.
·         We buy some books to learn English verbs.
·         In this example, the action word is “to buy”. It tells us that the subject “we”, that is the person who performs the action of the verb is “buying some books”.

The verb tense shows the time of the action or state. Aspect shows whether the action or state is completed or not. Voice is used to show relationships between the action and the people affected by it. Mood shows the attitude of the speaker about the verb, whether it is a declaration or an order. Verbs can be affected by person and number to show agreement with the subject. Most statements in speech and writing have a main verb. These verbs are expressed in “tenses” which place everything in a point in time. Verbs are conjugated (inflected) to reflect how they are used. There are two general areas in which conjugation occurs; for person and for tense. Conjugation for tense
Conjugation for tense is carried out on all verbs. All conjugations start with the infinitive form of the verb. The infinitive is simply the to form of the verb For example, to begin.
The present participle form (the -ing form), is formed by adding ing to the bare infinitive. For example, to begin – beginning. There are two other forms that the verb can take, depending on the tense type and time, the simple past form and the past participle. The form of the verb or its tense can tell when events take place.
For example, the verb kiss:
Present Simple: kiss/kisses
Past Simple: kissed
Future Simple: will kiss
Present Perfect: has/have kissed
Past Perfect: had kissed
Future Perfect: will have kissed
Present Continuous (Progressive): is/am/are kissing
Past Continuous (Progressive): was kissing
Future Continuous (Progressive): will be kissing
Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive): has/have been kissing
Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive): had been kissing
Future Perfect Continuous (Progressive): will have been kissing

Conjugation for person
Conjugation for person occurs when the verb changes form, depending on whether it is governed by a first, second, or third person subject. This gives three conjugations for any verb depending on who is acting as the subject of the verb. For example: we have I begin, you begin , and he begins. Note that only the third conjunction really shows a difference.
In English, we distinguish between regular and irregular verbs. Regular verbs are those ones which form their past simple and past participle just by adding “-ed” to the base of the verb. The rest are irregular.
Examples:
o   Dracula bites his victims on the neck.
o   In early October, Giselle will plant twenty tulip bulbs.
o   She travels to work by train.
o   We walked five miles to a garage.
2.3 Complement
A complement is the part of a Sentence that comes after the VERB and is needed to make the sentence complete. The following are the most important types of complement used in English:
  1. SUBJECT COMPLEMENT
Eg: He’s a surveyor. (The Subject is completed by the complement to the verb. This is a Copula Verb.
2.      OBJECT COMPLEMEN
Eg: She sent him the fax. (The setence is completed by telling us what she sent to him.)
3.      ADJECTIVAL COMPLEMENT
Eg: They’ll be happy. (The sentence is completed by the Adjective; this could be extended further,
they’ll be happy to see us, etc..)
4.      PREPOSITIONAL COMPLEMENT
Eg: They talked about what needed doing. (The setence is completed by the Phrase linked to the verb by the Preposition.)
2.4 Modifier
tells the time, place or manner of the action. Very often it’s a prepositional phrase. Prepotional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun.
Note :
A modifier of time usually comes last if more than one modifier is present.
Example of prepositional phrases : In the morning, at university, on the table
A modifier can also be an adverb or an adverbial phrase : Last night, hurriedly, next year, outdoors, yesterday
Example : John bought a book at the bookstore (modifier place) Jill was swimming in the pool yesterday (modifier of place)(modifier of time)
Note : The modifier normally follows the complement, but not always. However, the modifier, especially when it’s a prepositional phrase, usually can’t separate the verb and the complement. Example : She drove the car on the street (verb) (complement)

III. Analysis
1.      English is an international language, used throughout the world to communicate with
Subject                                                                                                        verb    complement
each other between countries and others.

2.      Because English is very important for education, business and technology.
  Subject verb complement
3.      Many people who want the ease of doing the activities without having to carry or grasp
    Subject                                                                                                         verb
 objects that are large or heavy
                           Modifier
4.      Some projects that have google ATAP work and develop from several years ago, like
   Subject                                                         verb                                    modifier
 project tango and project ara.
5.      I think that the technology developed by the Advanced Technology and Projects division
Subject                                verb complement
is growing every year and producing an impressive project.
6.      The resulting project makes it easy for everyday activities, especially the Jacquard project
Subject                                                                                    complement
that uses textiles as its medium and in collaboration with Levi's.
                                                                 modifier
7.      Lastly, maybe google should mass produce its products so that the whole world can try and
                        Subject                    verb                                                                    
feel.
Modifier

IV. Conclusion
So the current technology will continue to grow following the needs of humans and also for the progress of a country, in addition to facilitate in everyday activities and ease in the field of education, research and business.
The conclusion for the previous analysis is that good and proper English should use and be guided by grammar, if you want to create a writing or final assignment, the grammar used should be good and correct because formal language has good and correct grammar rules.

V. Reference







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